The male Broad-tailed's wings make a cricket-like whistle
in flight. One female Broad-tailed holds the North American
age record, at twelve years old.
Average weight: male 3.16 g, female 3.6 g. Females are
larger than males.
Adult male: Metallic green back and crown, white breast, rose
gorget, rounded tail.
Adult female: Green back and crown, white throat and breast
with black spots, rusty sides, green central tail feathers;
outer tail feathers are rusty at base, black in middle, and
white at tips.
Observed in Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado,
Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska,
Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming, and Manitoba. Winters in Mexico.
For maps showing population distribution and trends, see
the National Biological Service's North American Breeding
Bird Survey species