Often described as "feisty," the Rufous may have the
ideal size-to-weight ratio among North American hummingbirds. This
bird outflies all other species, and usually gets its way at feeders
at the expense of slower, less-maneuverable hummers. The Rufous
has the longest migration route of all US hummingbirds.
Average weight: male 3.22 g, female 3.41 g. Females are larger
Adult male: Non-iridescent rufous crown, tail, and sides; back may
be rufous, green , or some of each; bright orange-red gorget, white
breast. Green-backed Rufous cannot be reliably separated from Allen's
in the field without extensive experience and a good view of the
spread tailfeathers through a scope.
Adult female: Green back and crown, white breast, streaked throat,
rufous sides and base of tail feathers, white tips on outer tail
feathers. Very similar to female Allen's and Broad-tailed.
Observed in every state and province except Hawaii, Prince Edward
Island, and Quebec. There was even one very unusual report from
extreme eastern Siberia! The Rufous is the most widely-distributed
hummingbird in North America. Winters in Mexico and possibly Panama.
For maps showing population distribution and trends, see the National
Biological Service's North American Breeding Bird Survey species